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role of interior designer

Written by 5:58 am Interior Design

Role of Interior Designer | Complete Overview

The role of an interior designer revolves around shaping and transforming interior spaces, blending functionality with aesthetics to create captivating and purposeful environments. Interior designers strategically merge their creative vision with technical expertise to conceptualize, plan, and execute designs that harmonize with clients’ needs and preferences.

In this blog we will learn about what interior designers do, what are the duties and responsibilities of an interior design, interior designer’s salary and more. So, continue reading this blog to know more about the role of interior designer.

Table of content

Who is an Interior Designer?
How to Become an Interior Designer?
Roles and Responsibilities of an Interior Designer
What Does an Interior Designer Do on a Daily Basis?
Scope of Interior Design in India
Interior Designer Salary in India in 2024
Interior Design Courses in 2024

Who is an Interior Designer?

Interior design is the artful arrangement and transformation of interiors, highlighting furniture, color schemes, spatial organization, and décor to create harmonious and functional spaces. An interior designer, a skilled professional in charge, conceptualizes, plans, and executes designs to enhance and optimize these interior spaces. They possess a deep understanding of architectural principles, spatial arrangements, aesthetics, and functionality, crucial for creating environments that meet the needs and preferences of clients.

These professionals work closely with clients, aiming to grasp their vision, preferences, and spatial requirements. They use their creative flair and technical expertise to design layouts, select appropriate color schemes, furniture, materials, and accessories that synchronize with the architectural elements of the space. Their proficiency lies in crafting functional and visually appealing spaces, considering aspects like lighting, acoustics, ergonomics, and sustainability. The role of an interior designer spans various sectors, including residential, commercial, hospitality, and institutional spaces, aiming to create designs that reflect the client’s personality or brand identity while seamlessly blending aesthetics with practicality.

How to Become an Interior Designer?

To understand what interior designers do, you need to become an interior designer. One typically follows these steps:

  • Education: Pursue a formal education in interior design or a related field. Opt for a degree in interior design, fine arts, or architecture from a recognized institution. Some institutes offer diploma courses as well.
  • Gain Knowledge and Skills: Acquire knowledge in spatial design, color theory, materials, and design software. Internships or apprenticeships under experienced designers can provide practical experience and mentorship.
  • Build a Portfolio: Create a portfolio showcasing design projects, concepts, sketches, and any relevant work during studies or internships. A strong portfolio is essential for securing jobs or clients.
  • Stay Updated: Keep abreast of the latest trends, materials, and technologies in interior design. Attend workshops, seminars, and exhibitions to network and learn from industry experts.
  • Certification: While not mandatory, obtaining certification from professional bodies like the Council of Architecture (COA) or the Indian Institute of Interior Designers (IIID) can enhance credibility.
  • Job Opportunities: Look for job opportunities in interior design firms, architectural firms, construction companies, or start as a freelance designer. Networking and internships can aid in finding job placements.
  • Experience and Growth: Gain experience and gradually take on more challenging projects to refine skills and establish a name in the industry. Continuous learning and expanding one’s portfolio are key for career growth.

Remember, the duties and responsibilities of an interior designer revolves around creativity, innovation, and a deep understanding of clients’ needs. Building a strong foundation through education and practical experience is vital for success in this profession.

Roles and Responsibilities of an Interior Designer

The role of interior designer is multifaceted, encompassing providing professional advice for executing interior design services in commercial or residential domains. They conceptualize design plans, propose space configurations, specify materials, and manage projects from conception to completion. Duties entail:

  • Advising on interior layout and proposing reconfigurations.
  • Creating 2D/3D design plans, mood boards, and visualizations.
  • Selecting Furniture, Fixtures, and Fittings (FF&E) for procurement.
  • Managing timelines, purchase orders, and deliveries.
  • Liaising with contractors, engineers, and specialists on-site.

The duties and responsibilities of an interior designer is to enhance effectiveness, functionality, and aesthetics while ensuring safe and optimal space utilization. Considering the space’s intended function, an interior designer crafts environments that meet user needs and positively impact occupants. Additionally, they prioritize sustainability and minimize environmental impact.

Adhering to diverse health and safety codes, building regulations, and installation requisites is crucial due to varying product use laws across residential and contract sectors. These duties and responsibilities constitute the core of an interior designer’s professional scope.

What Does an Interior Designer Do on a Daily Basis?

An interior designer’s day-to-day activities involve a blend of creative, managerial, and client-focused tasks:

Design Conceptualization: They start by brainstorming and conceptualizing designs, often using sketches, mood boards, or digital tools to visualize ideas.

Client Interaction: Engaging with clients to understand their vision, preferences, and requirements for the space. This involves multiple meetings to discuss design concepts, material choices, and project goals.

Space Planning: Creating detailed floor plans, considering spatial functionality, traffic flow, and ergonomics to optimize space utilization.

Material Selection: Researching and selecting suitable materials, colors, textures, furniture, lighting, and accessories that align with the design concept and client specifications.

Design Development: Producing detailed drawings, 3D renderings, and specifications for contractors and suppliers to ensure accurate implementation.

Project Management: Overseeing project progress, managing timelines, coordinating with contractors and vendors, and ensuring that the design is executed as envisioned.

Site Visits: Regular visits to project sites to monitor progress, address any on-site challenges, and ensure that design plans are being followed.

Budget Management: Keeping track of project expenses, negotiating prices with suppliers, and maintaining budgets set by clients.

Interior designers essentially enhance spaces by blending aesthetics with functionality. The role of interior designer involves creating environments that resonate with users’ needs while adhering to safety and industry standards. Daily tasks focus on conceptualizing, planning, and executing design projects that transform spaces into visually appealing and functional areas.

Scope of Interior Design in India

The diversity in types of interior design showcases the multifaceted nature of the field, allowing professionals to specialize in areas that align with their interests, skills, and the evolving needs of clients and industries.

The scope of interior design in India encompasses a broad spectrum of opportunities across various sectors and specialties:

  • Residential Design: The demand for personalized and aesthetically pleasing homes is on the rise. Interior designers specialize in creating functional, beautiful, and customized interiors for individual residences, apartments, villas, and penthouses.
  • Commercial Design: Offices, retail spaces, restaurants, and corporate setups require innovative interior designs that reflect the brand’s identity and enhance customer experience. This sector offers opportunities for designers to create workspaces that foster productivity and commercial areas that attract clientele.
  • Hospitality Sector: Hotels, resorts, cafes, and entertainment venues rely heavily on interior design to create immersive and memorable experiences for guests. Designers in this sector focus on creating ambiance, luxury, and comfort while aligning with the brand’s vision.
  • Institutional Spaces: Educational institutions, healthcare facilities, and public spaces increasingly value well-designed interiors that facilitate learning, healing, and public engagement. Interior designers ensure functionality, safety, and aesthetics within these environments.
  • Sustainable Design: With a growing emphasis on sustainability, interior designers are exploring eco-friendly materials, renewable resources, and energy-efficient solutions. Sustainable design practices are gaining momentum, offering a specialized niche within the field.
  • Furniture and Product Design: Some interior designers extend their expertise into creating custom furniture, lighting fixtures, and decor items. This aspect involves designing products that complement interior spaces and cater to specific client needs.

The evolving urban landscape, changing consumer preferences, and a heightened focus on aesthetics and functionality contribute to the vast and ever-growing scope of interior design in India. This dynamic field offers numerous avenues for professionals to explore and innovate, creating spaces that seamlessly blend creativity, functionality, and beauty.

Interior Designer Salary in India in 2024

In India, the salary for interior designers in 2024 varies based on factors such as experience, qualifications, and the type of projects undertaken:

  • Entry-Level Salary: Fresh interior design graduates can expect an average annual salary ranging from INR 3.5 lakhs to 6 lakhs. This initial salary level usually applies to those starting their careers or working on smaller projects.
  • Mid-Level Salary: Interior designers with around 3-5 years of experience can earn an average annual salary between INR 6 lakhs to 10 lakhs. With this experience, they often handle moderately sized projects or work within established design firms.
  • Senior-Level Salary: Seasoned interior designers with 8-10 years or more of experience, along with a successful portfolio, can command higher salaries ranging from INR 12 lakhs to 20 lakhs or more annually. At this level, designers often manage larger projects, have their firms, or hold prestigious positions in established design companies.
  • Location Influence: Salaries can also vary based on the city. For instance, interior designers in metropolitan areas like Mumbai, Delhi, or Bangalore might generally earn higher compared to those in smaller cities or towns due to cost of living differences and the demand for design services in these urban hubs.
  • Independent Designers: Those working independently may have fluctuating incomes based on the number and scale of projects undertaken. Some may earn between INR 50,000 to 1 lakh per month or higher based on project fees and client base.

Overall, the interior design industry in India offers a wide salary spectrum, allowing professionals to grow their earnings with experience, skill development, and successful project portfolios.

Interior Design Courses in 2024

In 2024, the field of interior design offers diverse educational courses catering to aspiring designers, including:

  • Bachelor’s Degree in Interior Design: Several universities and design institutes across India offer comprehensive four-year undergraduate programs focusing on various aspects of interior design, covering fundamentals, design principles, and practical applications.
  • Master’s Degree in Interior Design: Postgraduate programs provide advanced education and specialization in interior design, allowing students to delve deeper into specific areas such as sustainable design, furniture design, or spatial planning.
  • Diploma/Certificate Courses: Short-term diploma or certificate courses, often spanning 6 months to a year, provide focused training on specific aspects of interior design, ideal for individuals seeking practical skills in a shorter duration.
  • Online Courses: Various online platforms offer interior design courses, providing flexibility for remote learning and self-paced study options. AAFT Online’s 1-year Diploma in Interior Design is one such program that emphasizes a comprehensive understanding of design principles and practical applications through an online learning platform.


In conclusion, interior designers orchestrate creative visions, transforming spaces into functional, aesthetically pleasing environments. Their blend of artistic flair, project management skills, and client-centric approach ensures spaces that harmoniously merge design innovation with practicality.

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